COVID-19 and Pregnancy – Updated 12/03/2020
The CDC states pregnant people are at an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19 compared to non-pregnant people. Additionally, there may be an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, among pregnant people with COVID-19.
Pregnant women experience immunologic and physiologic changes which might make them more susceptible to viral respiratory infections, including COVID-19. Pregnant women also might be at risk for severe illness, morbidity, or mortality compared to the general population as observed in cases of other related coronavirus infections
Mother-to-child transmission of COVID-19 during pregnancy is unlikely, but after birth, a newborn can be infected after exposure to an infected person, including the baby’s mother or other caregivers.
Work with your doctor to determine any changes to prenatal care and appointments. Continue to receive prenatal care
COVID-19 and Breastfeeding – Updated 12/03/2020
There are still a lot of unknowns about COVID-19, however, the CDC still recommends that feeding your baby breastmilk is the best source of nutrition for most infants. CDC writes that there is limited data suggesting COVID-19 can be passed through breastmilk and that it is unlikely.
The CDC states: “a mother with confirmed COVID-19 or who is symptomatic or has had exposure to COVID19 should take all possible precautions to avoid spreading the virus to her infant.” This recommendation includes wearing a facemask while breastfeeding.
Pumping with a manual or electric breast pump: the mother should wash her hands before touching any pump part or bottle and follow the proper pump cleaning directions after each use.
Someone who is well could feed the expressed breastmilk to the infant.
If you have COVID-19 and chose to breastfeed, CDC recommends wearing a mask and wash your hands before each feeding to reduce the risk of transmission.
Human-to-human transmission by close contact with a person with confirmed COVID-19 has been reported and is thought to occur mainly via respiratory droplets produced when a person with infection coughs or sneezes. In limited case series reported to date, no evidence of virus has been found in the breast milk of women with COVID-19. No information is available on the transmission of SARS-CoV-2* through breast milk (i.e., infectious virus in the breast milk).
In limited reports of lactating women infected with SARS-CoV,* virus has not been detected in breast milk; however, antibodies against SARS-CoV were detected in at least one sample.